The Earth is a crazy place. There are a lot of strange things going on around you. Literally every minute of every day, something is happening that if you knew about it, you just wouldn’t believe. Nature creates strange things on Earth that can just leave you speechless. It might not be a huge surprise to you that you didn’t know any of these strange facts. Who could imagine this is the kind of stuff that is happening every day.
1. Underwater Waterfall
Imagine yourself swimming in the ocean and all of the sudden you realize that you are being sucked down into a huge, tumbling underwater waterfall! If you ever visit an island called the Republic of Mauritius, swimming too far out to sea could make this terrifying tall-tale a reality.
A drastic dip in the depth of the ocean creates an illusion of this waterfall. This is called the Underwater Waterfall.
It’s just an illusion but it looks totally real and cool just like a painting created by mother nature.
Mauritius Island is located 2,000 km from Africa’s Southeast coast near Madagascar. This Island was discovered in 975 AD by Arabs. Then again around 1510, the island was discovered and this time by Portuguese explorers. Since its discovery, Mauritius has gone through many hands, belonging to the Dutch, French, and British at different times.
The ocean looks so fantastic that it is hard to believe that it is not real. Even in Google maps picture from satellite positions, the waterfalls still appear to be real.
This majestic phenomenon is due to the local sand and silt deposits which flow around the area and fluctuate the color of the water so it appears like a waterfall heading to nowhere.
2. Glowing Waves
It just looks like a scene from the movie “Avatar”. Ocean waters that light up like an electric neon blue glow when they splash. These mesmerizing sights are the work of bioluminescence.
Bioluminescence is the name for the light produced by some animals and is the result of a chemical reaction. The glowing waves are created by plankton, which emits light like fireflies when they are disturbed. Such as when a wave crashes into the shore, a surfboard slashes through the surf or a kayaker’s paddle splashes the water. The result is a wickedly cool glowing ocean.
Places Where The Ocean Glows
This is a Surreal picture of Vaadhoo Island. Vaadhoo Island in the Maldives is basically a sea of stars.
Vaadhoo Island Sea Of Stars
Vaadhoo only has around 550 inhabitants and while its beaches are catalogue-blue during the day, their waves turn fluorescent as dusk falls. And it’s all thanks to marine microorganisms called phytoplankton.
San Diego, California
You have to time things just right if you hope to see the glowing tides in San Diego. They don’t happen every year — in fact, scientists don’t yet know how to predict when they will happen. But when they do happen, they happen in a big way and people flock to the beaches to photograph the bright blue tides. The San Diego tides may or may not glow again this year, but they have glowed more years than not in the past decade.
3. The Red Crab Migration
You may have heard of Christmas Island, a nice beach getaway near Australia and Indonesia. It’s also become a tourist attraction during October and November, when the annual red crab migration kicks into high gear. It just looks like a sea of red crabs.
Million Of Crabs Migrate
At the start of the wet season each year, spurred by the moon phases, the migration brings millions of the island’s red crabs to the sea to breed and release eggs into the sea, traveling from the dense mountainous forests to the coast.
The 10km-15km journey must be a long way for a little crab. Previous migrations have coincided with plenty of dead crabs as cars crunched down roads, killing the sideways steppers as they attempt to cross. The rangers at the Christmas Island National Park have used some ingenious ideas to prevent this danger. The crabs are now utilizing manmade tunnels and bridges, made specifically to help them reach their destination safely.
4. Volcanic Lightning
Volcanic lightning is believed to be caused by the interaction of charged particles present in the ash cloud and the bottom of normal clouds.
Causes Of Lightning
Lightning is essentially an electric current, only with a huge magnitude. Just like in household appliances, electric current is created through the movement of microscopic charged particles; similarly, lightning is also caused by the interaction of these charged particles.
5. Door To Hell
At the heart of Turkmenistan’s Karakum Desert sits a crater of fire the size of a football field that’s been perpetually burning now for almost fifty years. Locals have suitably dubbed it the ‘Door To Hell’, officially it’s known as the Darvaza Gas Crater.
This crater was made by geologists more than 40 years ago, and the flames within have been burning ever since. Soviet geologists were drilling at the site in 1971 and tapped into a cavern filled with natural gas. But the ground beneath the drilling rig collapsed, leaving a hole with a diameter of 70 meters. Fearing that the hole would lead to the release of poisonous gases, the team decided to burn it off.
Never Ending Fire
It was hoped that the fire would use all the fuel within days, but the gas is still burning today.
6. Blue Lava
At first glance, you might think that the otherworldly light in these pictures comes from a nebula or another planet deep in outer space. But it is Indonesia’s Kawah Ijen volcano, which appears to spew eerie blue lava.
What Is Blue Lava?
The flowing electric blue color arises from the combustion of sulfur-rich gases. In fact, it is made by burning sulfur which pours from the side of the volcano. Eruptions at Kawah Ijen include unusually high quantities of sulfuric gas pressured and heated to a temperature occasionally in excess of 600 degrees C. As the gases are exposed to oxygen in the air, the lava ignites them into brilliant blue flames.
At Night It Looks Extraordinary
The lava itself actually radiates a red-orange color, much like any other volcano lava around the world but in the presence of sulfur, lava flows down the rock face as it burns, which is what gives the impression of spilling blue lava. The blue flames can be quite hypnotizing, the gases that cause them are better viewed from a distance.
7. Horsetail Firefall
The natural Firefall is one of most amazing spectacles of Yosemite National Park in California. Around the second week of February, the setting sun hits Horsetail Fall at just the right angle to illuminate the upper reaches of the waterfall. And when conditions are perfect, Horsetail Fall glows orange and red at sunset.
Depends On Weather Condition
The phenomenon also requires weather conditions to be just so. There has to be enough snow gathered at the top in February. Then, temperatures have to be warm enough for the snow to melt and fall 1,570 feet down the eastern face of the rock formation during the brief window of time the sun is in position.
The sky has to be clear as well since any clouds or precipitation would prevent the sunlight from bouncing off the water.
8. White Rainbow
White rainbow is also called Fogbow, a rainbow that is produced by the tiny water droplets of fog, which has much weaker colors and can appear white. White rainbows resemble normal rainbows with the color leached out. Like rainbows, fogbows can be seen when the sun is at your back.
A fog bow is a similar phenomenon to a rainbow, but it appears as an arch in fog rather than rain. And because of the very small size of water droplets that cause fog, smaller than 0.05 millimeters, it appears as a white arc, rather than a multi-coloured one.
It’s one of those times when nature simply takes your breath away. It is just beyond magical.
9. Mysterious and Enigmatic Belize Great Blue Hole
The Mysterious Belize Great Blue Hole is a large underwater hole off the coast of Belize. It lies near the center of Lighthouse Reef, a small atoll 100 kilometers from the mainland and Belize City. The hole is perfectly circular in shape.
A Limestone Cave
It was formed as a limestone cave system during the last glacial period when the sea level was much lower than present time and was dry land. It was formed during several episodes of quaternary glaciation. As the ocean began to rise, the cave was flooded.
10. Rainbow Mountains In China
This insane mountain formation is actually real. You may have a hard time believing this but, believe it or not, this technicolor range actually exists.
The mountains are part of the Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China. Layers of different colored sandstone and minerals were pressed together over 24 million years and then buckled up by tectonic plates.
How Was It Formed?
Zhangye’s Danxia was formed by the erosion of red sandstone, forming isolated peaks and steep stratified outcrops. Its special geological structure, combined with long-term desert conditions, freeze-thaw peeling, and the wind and water erosion gave rise to its present appearance. The formations were shaped into the flowing valleys after thousands of years of rain and wind.